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Anal Fissure

An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the lower rectum (anus) that causes pain during bowel movements. Anal fissures don't lead to more serious problems.Anal fissures are a common problem. They affect people of all ages, especially young and otherwise healthy people.Anal fissures are caused by injury or trauma to the anal canal.

There is repeated diarrhea. Childbirth can also cause trauma to the anal canal and fissure. A fissure may also be caused by Crohn's disease.

Symptoms

A sharp, stinging, or burning pain during bowel movements. Pain from a fissure may be quite severe. It can be brief or last for several hours after a bowel movement.

  • Itching.
  • Bleeding.

Diagnosed by

  • A digital rectal exam
  • Anoscopy

Treatment

Most anal fissures heal with home treatment after a few days or weeks. These are called short-term (acute) anal fissures. If you have an anal fissure that hasn't healed after 8 to 12 weeks, it is considered a long-term (chronic) fissure. A chronic fissure may need medical treatment

There are several steps you can take to relieve your symptoms and help the fissure heal:

Laser Fissurectomy and Internal Sphincterotomy

A simple day care procedure that treats fissure can be done with the holmium yag laser and the patient can return home the same day without any pain.

Holmium Yag LaserA multi-purpose, multi-speciality surgical laser which has revolutionized the surgical process of Gastro Intestinal Tract with minimal pain and blood loss.

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