Crohn’s disease – Symptoms and Treatment

What is Crohn’s disease?
Crohn’s disease is an Inflammatory bowel disease. The lining of the bowel, predominantly last portion of the small bowel and the large bowel becomes inflamed leading to various problems like pain, bloating, poor absorption of food etc.

Symptoms of Crohns disease?
Crohn’s is a highly debilitating disease which creates a lot of problem for the individuals concerned. The symptoms are diarrhea, fever, pain, cramping, blood in stool, weight loss and perianal disease. Sometimes organs other than bowel also can get affected and this involves the skin, eyes, joints etc.

Risk factors for Crohn’s disease
People living in industrialized countries, younger people, people of a certain sect like eastern European Jews are more prone. Also there is a genetic tendency. Cigarette smoking, using painkillers like brufen may cause Crohns.

Complications of Crohn’s disease
Bowel obstruction, fistulas, ulcers, and cancer can occur because of crohn’s disease. People who have long standing fistulas not responding to conservative treatment may have Crohns

Testing for Crohn’s disease
Colonoscopy, CT scan, endoscopy, MRI, small bowel enteroscopy can all be used to diagnose Crohn’s disease.

Treatment for Crohn’s disease
Antibiotics, Antiinflammatory, Immunosupressant therapy can be used from time to time to treat the symptoms. Surgery can be offered to relieve obstruction.

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