How Proctologists Diagnose and Treat Common Colorectal Conditions

How Proctologists Diagnose and Treat Common Colorectal Conditions

Proctologists are medical specialists who focus on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders related to the colon, rectum, and anus. They are experts in both surgical and non-surgical treatments, equipped with specialized knowledge and skills to handle a wide range of conditions affecting the lower digestive tract.

In their practice, proctologists handle many different conditions, including hemorrhoids, anal fissures, fistulas, colorectal cancer, inflammatory bowel disease and others. They perform diagnostic procedures like colonoscopies, sigmoidoscopies, and biopsies to accurately identify issues. Proctologist help in preventing colorectal diseases and managing chronic conditions through ongoing medical care.

Also read: Who is Proctologist and what is Proctology here 

How do Proctologists Diagnose Colorectal Conditions?

Proctologists diagnose colorectal conditions using a combination of patient history, physical examinations, and specialized diagnostic tests. Here’s a detailed look at their diagnostic process:

  • Colonoscopy: This is a key diagnostic tool where a long, flexible tube with a camera (colonoscope) is inserted through the rectum to examine the entire colon.
  • Sigmoidoscopy: Similar to a colonoscopy, this procedure uses a shorter scope to examine the lower part of the colon and rectum.
  • Anoscopy: This involves using a short, rigid tube (anoscope) to inspect the anal canal and lower rectum.
  • Stool Tests: These can detect the presence of blood, pathogens, or abnormal DNA markers that might indicate colorectal cancer or other conditions.
  • Lab Tests: Blood tests can help detect anemia (often caused by chronic bleeding in the colon) and other indicators of systemic conditions affecting the colorectal area.

Proctologists often collaborate with other specialists, such as gastroenterologists, oncologists, and radiologists, to ensure a comprehensive diagnosis and create an effective treatment plan. This multidisciplinary approach is crucial for accurately diagnosing complex colorectal conditions and determining the most appropriate course of treatment.

Also Read: What to Expect at Your First Proctologist Appointment?

What Treatments for Colorectal Conditions do Proctologists Provide for Patients?

Proctologists provide a wide range of treatments for colorectal conditions, tailored to the specific needs and severity of each patient’s condition. These treatments can be broadly categorized into non-surgical and surgical approaches.

Non-surgical treatments:

  • Medications: Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as mesalamine and corticosteroids, are used to reduce inflammation in conditions like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
  • Diet and Lifestyle Modifications: Dietary changes, like increasing fiber intake and staying hydrated, can help alleviate symptoms of constipation and hemorrhoids.
  • Minimally Invasive Procedures: Rubber band ligation treats internal hemorrhoids by placing a band around them to cut off their blood supply, causing them to shrink and fall off. Sclerotherapy involves injecting a solution into hemorrhoids to shrink them, while infrared coagulation uses light to coagulate the blood vessels, reducing the hemorrhoids.
  • Pelvic Floor Therapy: Pelvic floor therapy involves exercises and treatments to strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor, aiding in conditions like fecal incontinence. Specialized physical therapists guide patients through tailored regimens to improve muscle function and support.

Surgical treatments:

  • Hemorrhoidectomy: A hemorrhoidectomy involves surgically removing severe or prolapsed hemorrhoids when other treatments are ineffective.
  • Anal Fissure Surgery: Lateral internal sphincterotomy is a common surgery for chronic anal fissures, reducing anal sphincter pressure to promote healing.
  • Fistulotomy and Seton Placement: A fistulotomy opens the fistula tract to allow it to heal from the inside out, commonly used for simple anal fistulas.
  • Colectomy: A colectomy, which involves removing part or all of the colon, is necessary for severe cases of inflammatory bowel disease, colorectal cancer, or diverticulitis.

Skilled Proctologists - A call away:

At Chennai Laser Gastro, our skilled proctologists are committed to diagnosing and treating common colorectal conditions with precision and care. We use state-of-the-art techniques to ensure the best outcomes for our patients. Trust Chennai laser gastro for comprehensive, compassionate care tailored to your needs, helping you achieve optimal colorectal health.

Dr. Karthik Gunasekaran