Ulcerative Colitis

What is Ulcerative Colitis (UC)?
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory condition of the large bowel affecting the colon and the rectum. It affects the lining of the bowel with symptoms developing slowly over a period of time.

Symptoms of Ulcerative colitis
Diarrhea , abdominal pain, cramping, urgency to daefecate, difficulty in daefecation, fever, fatigue and weight loss can all be symptoms of UC.

Causes of Ulcerative Colitis
Heredity and stress play a part in the Etiology of Ulcerative Colitis. However the exact etiology is not known. Autoimmunity i.e the immune system of the body attacking its own cells may be a factor. Diet also may be another reason.

Complications of Ulcerative Colitis
Extra intestinal manifestations are quite common in UC. Bleeding perforation of the colon, toxic megacolon, cancer of the colon can all occur. Inflammation of the skin, joints and eyes and mouth sores are also possible

Investigations for Ulcerative Colitis
Blood tests for anaemia, stool tests for blood in stool, Flexible sigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy, CT scan can all be used for diagnosing UC.

Treatment
Anti-inflammatory drugs, Immuno-suppressants, Antibiotics, Pain relievers, fever medications and anti-diarrheal drugs can be used. Surgery can be offered. Cancer surveillance is key.

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