Who is a Proctologist & What is Proctology?

who is proctologist and what is proctology

Proctology is a colorectal exam that reveals information about the colon's healthy functioning. Because a healthy colon system is essential for a healthy digestive system, evaluating the source and severity of any abnormalities that may exist is critical. When a general practitioner cannot identify solutions to colorectal disorders, the patient should visit the best hospital in Chennai for proctology.

About proctologist-

Proctologists are surgeons who specialise in diagnosing and treating rectum, anus, and gastrointestinal system issues. The preferred phrase is "colorectal surgeon" or "colon and rectal surgeon." The term "colorectal" is a combination of the terms "colon" and "rectal," and it refers to your lower digestive tract along with your anus and pelvic floor.

What does a Proctologist do?

Common conditions treated by a proctologist are-

1. Cancer-

The growth of abnormal cells can be detrimental to the health of your colon, rectum, or anus. Damage makes it difficult to digest food and pass faeces. If left untreated, cancer in the lower digestive tract can spread to other regions of your body.

2. Constipation-

Constipation is common, but prolonged constipation may suggest a medical issue. Your proctologist can assist you in managing your symptoms. Tests can be required to look for underlying causes.

3. Crohn's disease-

Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes swelling and inflammation, limiting your body's ability to digest food, absorb nutrients, and remove waste.

4. Haemorrhoids-

When blood vessels in your anus enlarge, they may close the passageway for bowel movements. This can cause discomfort and lead to additional problems such as constipation or infection.

5. Incontinence-

If you are unable to control your bowel or gas movements, your proctologist may diagnose incontinence. This might also be a sign of a significant health problem. ‌

6. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-

This long-term ailment affects 15% of the population. Symptoms may appear and go.
Colorectal surgeons can also treat sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as-

  • Syphilis
  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhoea
  • Genital herpes

About Proctology-

The anatomy and disorders of the anus, rectum and sigmoid colon are the focus of the medical speciality known as proctology. Proctology surgical medicine is the area of surgery that deals with rectum and colon problems. Traditional medical procedures and less invasive surgery are both used in coloproctology.


Constipation, rectal bleeding after bowel movements and diarrhoea may be the primary symptoms of lesions of the colon or rectum. Haemorrhoids are the most typical anus illness. Here are some other symptoms-

  • Abdominal pain
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Mucus and pus from the anus
  • Bowel difficulty
  • Bloating
  • Diarrhoea

Treatments under Proctology-

Both surgical and non-surgical techniques are used in treatment. For various anorectal issues, non-surgical or laser therapy is often performed. Proctology broadly refers to a variety of rectum and colon examinations:

  • External examination
  • Rectal examination
  • Sigmoidoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Ultrasound of abdominal cavity
  • X-ray and endoscopic examination

Proctologists perform corrective colorectal procedures to repair the colon, rectum, or anus. Anyone with these diseases and symptoms can see a specialist or a Best proctologist in Chennai for estimation, diagnosis and treatment.

Dr. Karthik Gunasekaran